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  Dimethylethanolamine
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Dimethylethanolamine is a clear, colorless, mobile liquid with an ammoniacal odor. It is miscible with water, alcohols, ether, and aromatic solvents. Since it contains both a tertiary amine group and a hydroxyl group, it undergoes reactions typical of amines and alcohols.

STRUCTURE:
(CH3)2N-CH2-CH2-OH

 Mol. Wt: 89.14

Chemical Name: N, N-DIMETHYLETHANOLAMINE

CAS Number: 108 – 01 - 0

Specifications

Appearance at 25°C:    Clear Viscous Liquid
Color:                             Colorless to Pale Yellow
% Water                           0.2 Max.
% Purity                           99.0 Min

Method of analysis

Methods of analysis are available upon request.

Typical Data

Chemical and Physical data Typical values

Specific Gravity, 20/20 ºC           0.888 – 0.889
Flash point °C                              About 50 

Solubility

The solubility at 20°C is as follows:
Water soluble

Applications

Dimethylethanolamine is used in the preparation of water-reducible coating formulations. Government regulations covering the amount of organic solvent allowable in the air have spurred a search for emission control procedures. One of the most promising is the replacement of the organic solvent by water. The resins used in coating formulations are not water soluble, but can be made so by reacting them with the amine.

Dimethylethanolamine is one of the raw materials used to make dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate. Polymers produced from the methacrylate are useful as antistatic agents, soil conditioners, electrically conducting materials, paper auxiliaries, and flocculating agents.

Dimethylethanolamine can be used to control corrosion in boiler water condensate return lines. The dimethylethanolamine boils with the steam and is carried with it throughout the system. When the steam condenses, the dimethylethanolamine neutralizes any acidic components present in the condensate, thereby controlling the corrosion which would otherwise occur.

The use of dimethylethanolamine has been studied in other applications. Some of these areas are:
• Preparation of resins which can be used to increase the dry strength or wet strength of paper.
• Preparation of a good treatment which imparts water repellency and fungus resistance to kiln dried lumber.
• Preparation of textile assistants.
• Improvement of polyalkene dyeability by mixing the polyalkene with a dimethylethanolaminetreated copolymer of ethylene and an acrylate or maleate.
• Preparation of catalysts for polymerizing olefin oxides and olefin sulfides.
• Stabilization of perchloroethylene by the addition of epichlorohydrin, propargyl alcohol, and dimethylethanolamine.
• Preparation of an antistatic agent for polystyrene.
• Preparation of a bonding agent for bonding thermoplastic organic polymers to conductive substrates.
• Preparation of ion-exchange resins.
• Evaporable wetting agent in glass cleaning formulation.
• Vapor phase catalyst for curing urethane-based ink.
• Esters form clear aqueous solutions on partial neutralization with mineral acid for use in cationic flow processes.
• Preparation of fatty acid soaps which are effective wax emulsifiers for water-resistant floor
polishes, particularly polishes for light-colored linoleums.
• Used as an intermediate for the manufacture of antihistamines and local anesthetics in the pharmaceutical industry.
• Preparation of soluble chloromethylated polymers of styrene and alpha-methyl styrene.

Handling and Storage:

In order to maintain the high degree of purity with which dimethylethanolamine is manufactured and shipped, the following storage and handling considerations are recommended:

Dry Inert Gas Blanket: This product should be stored under a dry inert gas blanket, such as nitrogen, to minimize contamination resulting from contact with air and water.

Materials of Construction: Clean carbon steel is satisfactory as a material of construction for storage tanks and transfer systems, provided adequate precautions are observed to guard against rust contamination. In those cases where additional precautions are needed to preserve low color, stainless steel or aluminum should be used. Copper, or alloys containing copper, should be avoided.

Storage Temperature: Dimethylethanolamine has an extremely low viscosity and freezing point (-73.5°F). It will not freeze or become viscous during normal handling even though subjected to very severe weather conditions.

Spills or Leaks: Eliminate all sources of ignition in case of spills or leaks. Spills should be removed by absorbent materials or by washing with water.

Flammability: Dimethylethanolamine is classed as a combustible liquid (TCC flash point, 105°F). Ignition sources should be controlled where this product is handled, used, or stored. Fire-fighting procedures include the use of water spray, dry chemical, foam, or carbon dioxide. Water may be used to cool fire-exposed containers.

Further Information

For further information, technical service and samples, please contact our nearest Laffans Sales office or agent/distributor.

The specifications & properties listed above are for products manufactured in India.

                                                                                               Issued: 2007-01-01

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